Cloud Computing and Developers

Cloud Computing is spreading and impacting business models of IT companies already established. In the short term will likely see the implementations of solutions in Cloud complementing the existing solutions in the traditional model. But in the long run the cloud model will gradually replace the current computer model. However, its effects are already being felt. Recently Microsoft had to bend to this new environment, and also started giving this model its Office suite, its main source of revenue, which generated revenue in billion dollars in 2009.

The strategies adopted vary according to size and maturity of the IT areas of business. Large corporations are taking their first steps toward adopting Cloud Computing private clouds, while small firms choose public clouds. However, providers of public clouds created proprietary platforms for developing cloud applications, trying to win the hearts and minds of developers. Moreover, we are beginning to revive another war for space (remember the endless debate between. Net and Java?), But now with Amazon, Google, Sales force and Microsoft (Azure) trying to conquer this market. Yes, it is an important target, because the developers is that in practice, are responsible for connecting organizations with their clouds. IBM, in turn, has a different approach, which leaves out of this fight by tools for public clouds. Bet that, at least initially, but developers can use the cloud model, but to create applications that will run in the traditional setting or in private clouds. Does not focus on developing applications to run on public clouds. Personally, I believe that this option is very interesting for medium to large businesses, which tend to keep their data centers internally, using them in private clouds.

The current scenario is still undefined. Developers have to create applications to a cloud platform focused public that these applications will not run automatically in the other clouds. The risk of lock-in is still present. These challenges are barriers that end up preventing a greater and more rapid spread of the cloud.

And what developers need and demand for that scenario to unleash Cloud Computing? I made no exhaustive research, but talking here and there with friends who make their living developing systems, collected some insights. First of all they want easy to use tools to develop your applications to run on clouds, that these tools are also available on this model, i.e., “pay for use”. Moreover, in general developers working in small enterprises and ISVs do not have much budget at its disposal and how often faced with lack of support in their own data centers want self-service solutions. Also there should be a universal, open API, enabling them to write an application that runs on any cloud. Do not want to be subject to lock-ins. They also need tools that exist to integrate easily, applications that run on a cloud systems that are running in other clouds, be they public or private. And the systems that are already running on on-premise environment. And what they are today? If they adopt IDEs (Integrated Development Environment) coupled to a specific platform such as GAME (Google Application Engine) or sales force discover that these tools are only good for developing specific applications for these clouds and proprietary. Microsoft enlists developers for clouds within their community of developers who know. Net and want (or are forced) to continue with this technology. Anyway, they all seek to create and expand the lock-ins for its clouds.

So what the developers want are dreams of a summer night? Expect the industry to create solutions that allow them to develop applications to run in the clouds, keeping the highest possible degree of similarity with existing tools. Of course, at least initially, want to create applications for the clouds without changing the way applications are today, but over time will require new tools, more developmentally appropriate for the cloud. Actually a lot is already being done. For example, in integrating the recent acquisition of Cast Iron by IBM is a step toward spreading the Integration-as-Service offered by Cast Iron as a fundamental part of the process of integrating applications into the clouds. This integration is necessary both to applications that are other clouds or those that are running on-premise servers located in data centers of companies themselves.

In general actions that can suggest to my friends developers? Well, first of all would be good for them to understand more deeply what is Cloud Computing, its restrictions (lock-ins with care and safety issues in public clouds) and benefits. Should be kept well informed about the rapid evolution of the concept and its technologies and offerings. Also suggest that you begin to develop small applications in the cloud, testing and validating your assumptions. Use a cloud to develop an application is a good way to understand the concept of Cloud Computing and master it.

And since we are talking about developers, technology developers to clouds is to learn to use the Hadoop – an open source Java framework, a top level Apache project. As the cloud spread, understand and master this technology will become more and more important.

Cloud Computing Safety and Security – Is it Really Safe to Use?

For many businesses, one of the primary concerns is the safety and security of data. There have been too many incidents in the past where seemingly secure databases were broken into by cyber-criminals and created havoc on the files, destroying, corrupting, or worse, using the information gained to perpetrate more crimes. This is why companies that offer cloud computing as a service put safety and security of data as their foremost concern, assuring prospective subscribers that though a hacker is born every minute, they have the best team of experts developing protection solutions every second.

There are some companies, however, that cannot be assuaged by this assurance of cloud computing providers. These companies maintain that since they would be at the mercy of the providers when it comes down to data security, disaster planning and recovery, backup, accessibility, encryption, authentication, and a host of other critical solutions that a company need to survive.

Another concern raised by these companies is the virtual impossibility of subscribers to examine and verify the security protection that these providers have put in place. This concern is not helped by the fact that most of these cloud computing provider’s data centers are spread throughout the globe and it would be very difficult for the subscriber to personally inspect these facilities.

Most of the companies that raised these concerns were those that are involved in online transactions. Studies have shown that this is the area where most incidents of infiltration attempts happen. This is because there is a wealth of data that can be stolen and then used by the cyber-criminals to gain financial rewards.

Although a lot of companies would like to shift to this new paradigm of modern computing, serious concerns on safety and security seem to hold them back from riding the tide of cloud computing. Perhaps, unless these cloud computing providers put well defined security layers on their databases, companies would continue to be worried about their databases.

On one end, however, cloud computing service providers have maintained that the security layers around their databases is so stringent that hackers would find it difficult to penetrate even just the first tier. In fact, cloud computing providers have banded themselves to conduct research and development for the purpose of discovering more techniques that may be utilized by hackers to penetrate the system, then applying the solutions necessary so that the same method could never be used again.

With the current developments and progress that cloud computing providers are making, it can be said that the security concerns raised are being addressed so that the service would be safe and secure to use. One thing is unquestionably sure. cloud computing technology will be the wave of the future and will be changing how people use the information highway for decades to come.

Top Five Benefits of Cloud Computing for Small Business

Many hosted services are offered over the web for a variety of business needs. The general term used to refer to all of these is cloud computing. Cloud computing allows online companies to use resources over the internet rather than build and maintain their own in-house infrastructures.

Cloud computing is a trendy term that can be heard everywhere these days. Simply put, it refers to storing and accessing information and applications over the web instead of getting them all stored on the hard drive of your computer.

Storing or running programs from your hard drive is called local storage. This means that everything you need is physically there with you, making access to data easy and fast, especially for the one computer and the others connected to it through a local network. This was how many industries functioned for a long time before the cloud came along.

The “cloud” refers to the internet. This calls back to the times in office presentations when the internet was represented by a puffy cloud that accepts and gives information as it hovers above everything.

You may be using cloud computing at some aspect of life without realising it. This applies to online services that you use to send email, edit your documents, stream films or TV shows, listen to music, play games online, or store files and images. Cloud computinga makes all these things possible behind it all.

The first services to use cloud computing are a couple of decades old, rising fast so that a wide range of organisations are already using the service. This includes startups to big corporations as well as non-profits and government agencies.

Cloud computing at a glance

According to a study by the IDC, 50% of information technology will transition to the cloud within 5-10 years. Among the industries that rely heavily on data are the financial sector, telecommunications, technology, health care, government, advertising, retail, gaming, energy and data services.

Furthermore, 82% of companies have found significant savings in moving to the cloud. 60% of businesses already make use of cloud-based IT for operations. 82% of companies are also planning for a multi-cloud strategy.

These stats show that cloud computing holds much promise as a rising industry as well as a valuable resource for companies to take advantage of.

Cloud solutions for business

There are three different types of cloud solutions that businesses can choose from to find the best fit – private cloud, hybrid cloud and public cloud. Each offer different features and benefits. But with each type, the end result stays the same: cloud computing can be done wherever you are, at any time.

Private cloud

Private cloud works in industries with concerns for privacy, including medium businesses and more established enterprises that need to meet standards for security and compliance.

One example is IoT companies, such as those who trace customers through their phones. Other examples include health data companies, e-commerce sites that store credit card data, industries with high intellectual property concerns, and companies that emphasise data sovereignty.

Private cloud is managed by an in-house team of IT personnel or by a private host.

Private cloud offers complete control and flexibility, enabling businesses to manage their own dedicated resources within a third party datacentre.

Hybrid cloud

Hybrid cloud is for companies that prefer the security offered by private cloud. This type of cloud solution is best for workloads that are highly dynamic and prone to changeability. This includes enterprises that can be split into two spheres, sensitive and non-sensitive.

Hybrid cloud also works best for businesses with seasonal data spikes, big data processing, and those with workloads involving API compatibility and requiring solid connection to a network. Hybrid cloud takes its name from the fact that it is managed by both in-house and external resources.

This mix of private and public clouds offer blending of such services as Office 365 for email with other applications that businesses don’t want to be made available in a shared environment.

Public cloud

Public cloud is for industries that have a significant amount of data with no major concerns for privacy. Companies that use this service opt for a pay-as-you-go structure. This type of cloud solution is managed by third party providers.

Industries that use public cloud include those in development and testing, development platform, training servers, one-off big data projects and websites with public information, product descriptions and brochures.

Public cloud is perfect for services, applications and storage that are made publicly available as well as those that use shared resources that are managed by the cloud provider.

More benefits in the cloud

Now that you know the different types of cloud solutions available, it’s time to go over the benefits of moving to the cloud. As a growing trend, cloud computing offers many. Here are five of them.

1. Time-saving, on-demand services

Cloud computing features self-service delivery for different types of workloads and needs. What makes it so attractive to businesses is that any service can be available on-demand. This effectively removes the need for companies to maintain in-house IT staff, especially for small businesses, or manage physical computer resources.

Cloud hosting allows users to get access to their files from any device, anywhere and at any time. This means that files don’t get stored in just one computer, enabling faster operations and availability. Storing in the cloud also makes it safer for businesses to protect their files, with faster backup options and recovery in cases of breaches or similar scenarios.

According to TSG, 45% of companies that use private cloud solution in their operations have enjoyed significant reduction of the time it takes to install applications. This time-saving feature enables companies to enjoy faster processes and improve productivity for employees.

Cloud computing can make integration easier for you. A lot of cloud computing applications include an Application Programming Interface (API) where you can find apps that are compatible instead of having to pay to have them customised for you so you can integrate them.

2. Flexibility

One of the biggest benefits offered by cloud computing is its flexibility. People on your team can access files and information that are relevant to work anywhere and on any device. In a highly mobile world, this is especially important.

Moreover, many companies now offer flexible working arrangements, such as remote workers and telecommuting. With cloud computing, employees can access work files even when they are not in the office, making it easier for them to work wherever they are. For small businesses, this also makes it easier for them to easily manage their operations wherever they are.

Increased flexibility and mobility enable businesses to let their employees use the devices they are comfortable with. This can include tablets, laptops and smartphones, helping employees improve their personal productivity.

With this type of elasticity, companies are able to scale up as their computing needs increase as well as scale down when they decrease. This saves them from having to invest in infrastructure that may not be needed later on in time.

3. Lower costs with pay per use

One of the best immediate benefits of moving your business to the cloud is that there is significant financial savings involved. Cloud computing fully makes use of hardware. With virtualisation, the value of the physical server is increased, giving businesses the opportunity to do more with less.

Cloud computing enables businesses, especially startups, to decrease the need for physical space, power usage, IT resources and more. As a result, there is a lower need for installation, maintenance, upgrades and costs for support and hardware. For SMBs, this is a valuable way of saving resources so they can concentrate on online growth.

Cloud-based resources are measured at granular level, which means that users only pay for the workloads and resources that they use. You also don’t need to buy software anymore or pay for someone or a team to update or install the software, manage email or file servers or run backups.

The benefit of cloud computing is that all of the applications and services are taken over by the cloud vendor, instead of you having to be responsible for any of it.

4. Improved collaboration

Productivity is increased by cloud computing due to its accessibility. Since everyone who needs access to files and data can get them wherever they are, there is less need for employees to be in the same room. This is especially relevant for workers or employees who need to travel a lot.

Teams in different locations all over the globe can readily collaborate on projects without needing to actually meet. Easy sharing and real time updates on files are facilitated, and more things will get done with web conferencing for meetings.

Cloud computing lets small businesses grow quickly online. It’s faster, easier and more convenient to sign up for a cloud-based app than to purchase a server, run it, and install software on it. Expansion is cheaper as there is no need to invest in hardware and software for the startup.

Cloud-based applications can also be accessed on common web browsers at any time. This means that users across the company can adopt to the applications without the need for intensive training. This is especially valuable for businesses with employees in different locations.

5. Enhanced security with instant updates

There is increased security for companies as software is automatically updated, bugs are fixed and content is remotely stored.

Those who have doubts on what the cloud has to offer are concerned about the safety of data outside the company’s internal firewall. The truth is, due to the robust security standards established by ISO, safety is increased when cloud solutions are used. Moreover, cloud providers are strictly required to follow the rules.

As a result, risks are reduced when it comes to loss of laptops containing confidential information as well as the threats of hackers. You can also remotely wipe sensitive data from lost laptops and gadgets so nobody else can access them.

When it comes to ensuring security with the cloud service you choose, you need to know first where your data is stored. Firewalls, detection and prevention tools as well as data encryption can help prevent intruders from getting at your information. However, you still need to know where your data goes when you stop with the service or in cases where the cloud provider closes down. Dedicated hardware is what cloud computing providers need to pass the highest security guidelines.

Data backup is recommended to make sure that you can increase your control over your data. Ensure that the data centre you’re using takes security seriously. Find out what security measures are in place in the server and data centre where your data is stored.

Managed services are also a valuable option in making your data and apps stronger. This includes managed antivirus, firewalls and detection tools. High quality cloud providers offer these to allow for better security.

On top of it all, updates, including on security, are automated.

Cloud service providers can regularly update offers, giving customers the most up to date technology possible. This can include software, servers and computer processing power. Customers can avoid wasting their time maintaining systems and updating them once new features roll out. Suppliers take care of those themselves, out of sight.

As a result, businesses can focus on growing their business while enjoying the best that the latest technology has to offer.

To round up, the top benefits you get from cloud computing include:

– Saving time resources with services that you can enjoy on-demand

– Flexibility and mobility of access

– More affordable services with pay per use

– Better collaboration within teams, especially for overseas or traveling employees

– Heightened security measures in place plus automated updates

With the rise of the cloud computing trend, small and medium businesses can now create websites and power up online influence like never before. With many benefits to enjoy, moving to the cloud is an unmissable opportunity for companies.